Glossary of Acronyms, Abbreviations and Terms

Search and Rescue is one of those fields that are rife with buzzwords, abbreviations, acronyms and arcane terminology. For your convenience we've included a glossary of those terms frequently used in the field.

Pronouncable Acronyms

Acronyms are listed as you are likely to hear them pronounced.

"AD-sar" = ADSAR.
"AMP-wada" = AMPWDA.
"IP-wada" = IPWDA.
"NAP-wada" = NAPWDA.
"NAY-sar" = NASAR.
"NAZ-din" = NASDN.
"NO-docs" = NOCDS.
"SAR" = Search And Rescue.
"SEE-sar" = CSAR.

Abbreviations and Other Terminology

ADSAR Advanced Search And Rescue, a standardized certification (designed, trained and tested by NASAR) for advanced Search and Rescue skills. See more at http://www.nasar.org/page/20/Advanced-Search-and-Rescue-ADSAR-/course/3.
AED Automated External Defibrillator, a portable medical tool that is used to monitor a person's heart rhythm. If the person's heartbeat is fluttering (fibrillating), the device can be used to administer an electric shock with the hope of restoring a normal rhythm.
AKC American Kennel Club, an organization dedicated to upholding the integrity of its registry, promoting the sport of purebred dogs and breeding for type and function. See more at www.akc.org.
AMPWDA American Mantrailing Police Work Dog Association, an organization dedicated to providing training and standardized accreditation for law enforcement and search dog and handler teams. See more at www.americanmantrailing.com.
Artifical Respiration An emergency rescue procedure where air containing oxygen is mechanically forced into a person's lungs in order to assist or stimulate normal respiration. It is often coupled with Cardiopulmany Resuscitation.
BSARD Buckeye Search and Rescue Dogs, a volunteer Search and Rescue organization specializing in using trained canines and handlers to locate missing persons.
Cadaver Dog See HRD.
CART Child Abduction Response Team, a team of emergency personnel and volunteers trained to respond in case of an abduction. See more at www.lef-oh.org/cart/carthm.html.
CPR Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation, an emergency rescue procedure where hard chest compressions are used to attempt to manually pump blood through the body. It is often coupled with Artifical Respiration.
CSAR Canine Search and Recovery, an international organization dedicated to providing training for search dog and handler teams. See more at www.csar.org.
GPS Global Positioning System, a space-based satellite navigation system that provides location and time information in all weather conditions, anywhere on or near the Earth where there is an unobstructed line of sight to four or more GPS satellites.
HAZMAT Hazardous Materials are substances (solids, liquids, or gases) that can kill or harm organisms, property, or the environment.
HRD Human Remains Detection, a search discipline where a trained dog (often called a "cadaver dog") and handler team attempts to locate the body of a deceased person by the scent of human decomposition.
IPWDA International Police Work Dog Association, an international organization dedicated to providing training and standardized accreditation of law enforcement and search dog and handler teams. See more at www.ipwda.org.
NAPWDA North American Police Work Dog Association, an international organization dedicated to providing training and standardized accreditation for law enforcement and search dog and handler teams. See more at www.napwda.com.
NASAR National Association for Search and Rescue, an international organization dedicated to the training and standardized accreditation of search and rescue and disaster response personnel. See more at www.nasar.org.
NASDN North American Search Dog Association, an international organization dedicated to providing training and standardized accreditation of search dog and handler teams. See more at www.nasdn.org.
NFPA National Fire Protection Association, established in 1896, is the world's leading advocate of fire prevention and an authoritative source on public safety and the effects of fire and other risks. See more at www.nfpa.org.
NIMS National Incident Management System, is a system used in the United States to coordinate emergency preparedness and incident management among various federal, state, and local agencies.
NOCDS Network of Canine Detection Services, an international organization dedicated to providing training and standardized accreditation for law enforcement and search dog and handler teams. See more at www.nocds.org.
SARTECH Search and Rescue Technician, a standardized certification (designed, trained and tested by NASAR) for three levels of Search and Rescue skills. See more at http://www.nasar.org/page/20/Courses-and-Certifications.
TEEX Texas A&M Engineering Extension Service, home to the National Emergency Response and Rescue Training Center since 1998. See more at www.teex.org.
WMD Weapons of Mass Destruction are weapons that can kill or significantly harm a large number of living beings and/or cause great damage to structures or the environment in general.

See Also